Vocal Fold Function quick reference for speech language pathologists

SLP Insights Vocal fold function differential diagnosis quick guide

Vocal fold function can be commonly mis-diagnosed before landing on the desk of a speech-language pathologist. Likewise, the expertise of a speech-language pathologist can guide further diagnosis that can reduce medications and the improve chance of proper diagnosis sooner.

This free download features:

  • Voice anatomy
  • Quick stats on voice disorders
  • Differential diagnosis between asthma and vocal fold dysfunction
  • Sample of spirometer readings for vocal fold dysfunction
  • Differential diagnosis between laryngospasm and vocal fold dysfunction
  • Key differentiating features of the causes of vocal fold dysfunction (from Koufman et al, 2008).
  • Key features of various voice disorders

Vocal fold function research

From: Koufman, J. A., & Block, C. (2008). Differential Diagnosis of Paradoxical Vocal Fold Movement. American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, 17(4), 327. doi:10.1044/1058-0360(2008/07-0014)

Purpose: To present the differential diagnosis of paradoxical vocal fold movement (PVFM) and its distinguishing features.

Methods: The authors provide an overview of PVFM by drawing from 30 years of clinical and research experience, and relating that experience to literature in this area.

Conclusion: PVFM is characterized by inappropriate adduction of the vocal folds during inspiration. PVFM is an uncommon and some- times confusing cause of airway obstruction. The resultant obstruction may be intermittent or continuous, mild or severe. Most patients with PVFM have a specific etiology— inflammatory, neurological, neoplastic, iatrogenic, or psychological—that influences type of treatment and outcome.


Copyright information

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

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SLP Insights Vocal fold function differential diagnosis quick guide